Vitamins and minerals are involved in many of the metabolic processes in the body and as such, contribute to mental and physical wellness.
Very long-chain omega-3 fatty acids are readily incorporated from capsules into the blood lipids, cells, tissues and adipose pools. EPA and DHA influence the physical nature of cell membranes and membrane protein-mediated responses, lipid-mediator generation, cell signalling, and gene expression in many different cell types.
Through these mechanisms, EPA and DHA influence cell and tissue physiology and the way cells and tissues respond to external signals. As a result, very long-chain omega-3 fatty acids play a role in achieving optimal health and in protection against disease. Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids not only protect against cardiovascular morbidity but also against mortality. In some conditions, for example rheumatoid arthritis, they may be beneficial as therapeutic agents.
The lyophilized lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus is a beneficial bacterium that colonizes in the human intestinal tract and is a normal inhabitant of the healthy intestine. Lactobacillus strains are most active in the small intestine, particularly in the ileum. Lactic acid bacteria also colonize in the vagina, cervix and urethra. Lactic acid bacteria are tolerant to bile and gastric acid and are therefore able to pass through the upper gastro-intestinal tract and colonize in the small intestine and colon. Within the intestines these bacteria have the ability to adhere to the intestinal epithelium where they help restore the balance of the intestinal microflora, stimulate the production of antimicrobial compounds (such as acidolin, acidophilin, lactocidin and bacteriocin), inhibit pathogenic micro-organisms, positively influence the immune system and assist in the production of vitamins. They also help complete the digestion of food components that were not digested in the small intestine, such as lactose in lactose intolerant individuals or fibres resistant to the digestive enzymes encountered in the small intestine. The metabolic end products of their growth are organic acids (lactic and acetic acids) that lower the pH of the intestinal contents, creating conditions less desirable for harmful bacteria.